• Kowshika Ravichandran

INDIA – RUSSIA RELATIONSHIP: ALL YOU NEED TO KNOW.


After Russia's new pronouncement on nuclear power, the globe is fearful of a third World War. Every country in the world has taken a position, either supporting or opposing Russia. The world was horrified today by Russia's devastating strike on Kharkiv and Kherson, Ukraine. An Indian rescue initiative known as Operation Ganga has rescued 17,000 Indians from Ukraine thus far.

Because India is the world's second-most populous country, the world is watching India's reaction to this problem. India, on the other hand, remained neutral in this instance and requested Russia to end the conflict diplomatically. Many people believe that India will back Russia in this situation. Let's take a look at why they made such a bold statement.

WHERE DID IT ALL BEGIN?

The Pazyryk archaeological site has evidence of trade between India and Russia dating back to before the 3rd century BCE. During the Cold War, India and Russia developed a friendship. India and Russia have a strong bilateral diplomatic connection focused on politics, defense, civil nuclear energy, anti-terrorism cooperation, and space exploration.

Prior to 1953, the relationship between India and Russia was icy, since Stalin saw Gandhi and the Congress Party as British monopoly capitalists. When Jawaharlal Nehru visited Russia in 1955, the connection was mended once more. Following that, in 1985, Rajiv Gandhi made his first overseas tour as Prime Minister, signing two key economic accords.

Both are members of UN, BRICS, G20, and SCO committees. In the case of India's permanent membership in the UN Security Council, Russia was a strong supporter. Russia has also shown an interest in becoming a member of SAARC. In the NSG [Nuclear Suppliers Group] and APEC [Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation], Russia backed India regarding their membership.

In the border war between India and Pakistan, Russia acted as a true mediator. During the 1962 Sino-Indian war, Russia remained neutral. India and Russia have agreed to co-produce the MIG-21 supersonic jet fighter developed by Mikoyan-Gurevich. In August 1971 and August 2000, a bilateral strategic treaty is known as the Indo-Soviet Treaty of Peace, Friendship, and Cooperation was signed.

Other than Japan, Russia participates in the annual ministerial-level defense review. With 60:40 collaborations, Russia assisted India's "Make in India" initiative by building naval frigates and helicopters.

RELATIONSHIP OF COMMERCE

Russia and India have a free trade agreement that allows for unrestricted trade. IRIGC is established which governs governmental affairs among two countries. India is Russia's second-largest defense export market, accounting for 68 percent of total exports. According to the BBC, 85 percent of Russians think well of India, which is one of Russia's five buddies, along with China, Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Syria.

In October 2018, India and Russia agreed to a $5.43 billion deal for the manufacturing of five S-400 Triumf missile defense systems, the world's most powerful missile defense system. Mineral fuels such as crude oil, coal, and petroleum were valued at $5.94 billion in the Indian import market in 2020. The Indian export market is worth $ 3.15 billion, with Russia being the leading supplier of packaged pharmaceuticals.

INDIA CONTINUES TO BE A NEUTRAL COUNTRY.

India is the most pro-diplomacy country in the world. India, a peace-loving country, wants Russia to end the Ukraine conflict diplomatically. India has also committed to assisting the victims of the war. Russia also assured that Indian citizens would be returned safely as soon as possible. According to Mr. Triguniyat's BBC News comment,

"India has not directly criticized Russia, but it has not turned a blind eye to the suffering of Ukrainians. It has taken a balanced approach to the situation. At the United Nations Security Council, it made a forceful case for territorial integrity in order to draw attention to Ukraine's predicament "he stated
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