• Kowshika Ravichandran

UNEXPECTED SUMMER IN INDIA

Summer is expected but not the temperature we are facing now. If we look past, after 122 years in Indian history, the highest record of 33.1 degrees Celsius was recorded in the march of 2022. Summer in India starts in April and ends in June. This year, it starts early as February end. Even the rainfall is low from the expected level.



PEOPLE’S STANCE

India is a developing country with the majority of people belonging to the middle class and below the poverty line. So, they can't afford air conditioning services like developed countries. Even if the AC is available, there is an electricity shortage because of coal unavailability.

In this situation, people stumble to face the heatwave. The natural resources like rain, and wind also cheated with their absence this year. Even the rainfall is reduced by 71% in the year of march 2022.

RECORD-BREAKING SUMMER START

India suffers from this man-induced summer blast because of global warming. In March 2022, after 122 years of Indian summer temperature history, a 33.1-degree Celsius of heat is recorded. this created an alarming threat of upcoming heatwaves in India and Pakistan.

Scott Duncan via Twitter warned about a dangerous heatwave on its way for India and Pakistan which may set temperatures as high as 40 to 50-degree Celsius. This is 5-8 degrees higher than recorded temperatures.

HOTTEST PLACES

Sri Ganganagar in Rajasthan is the hottest city in India with a record of 50 degrees Celsius. But the record was beaten once by Phalodi, Rajasthan on 19 May 2016 with 51.0 degrees Celsius. In the past 1958, 48.3 degrees Celsius is the highest record temperature in Barmer India. This indicates there is a drastic change in climate over years.

REASON

Global warming and deforestation are the two culprits responsible for this temperature increase in India and worldwide. Over fossil fuel usage like coal, and petroleum are responsible. The clearing of forests for living, and overexploitation of natural resources are also the authority. all this results in the urban heat island effect.

Here, by replacing trees and nature with concretes, the heat is stored and the cooling effect at night can’t be realized because the heat is always there.

INTO THE OCEAN

People need to be more concerned about climatic changes. It doesn’t only affect humans but also all other living beings too. The climatic changes impose hot temperatures, severe storms, and drought all over the world. But still, no measures are taken against this.

A classic example is Venice, Italy. Every year, Venice is going underwater by 2mm. by 2050, a study shows, that major cities of India like Chennai, Mumbai, and Kochi will be submerged underwater. If his situation continues, not only India but all the land will face the wrath of nature.

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